THE WORLD OF FORENSIC LABORATORIES IN MOLDOVA

 

BETA Judicial experts of the Moldovan Police have now modern equipment and all the necessary instruments to perform their job “by the book”.

Moldovan judicial experts "read" the crime scene evidence and contribute to the delivery of justice. They are specialists in different domains: chemistry, biology, IT, physics, or mathematics. Many would not have imagined themselves in such a role.

AMBIANCE "I always wanted to be a doctor, but it was not possible at that moment to apply to the University of Medicine and since I always liked biology, I liked chemistry, I have applied to the Faculty of Biology and Chemistry. I will never regret it."

BETA For the last five years Larisa Mitrofan is a judicial expert at the Cahul subdivision of the Forensic and Judicial Expertise Center of the General Police Inspectorate.

SNC Larisa Mitrofan, judicial expert, Forensic and Judicial Expertise Center, Cahul “Because of my work that is done, after the completion of the expertise, the case goes to court.”

BETA Larisa has a job that involves a lot of responsibility, and the quality of the expertise depends on the instruments she has available. Now, the judicial expert uses a modern gas chromatograph in her work.

SNC Larisa Mitrofan judicial expert, Forensic and Judicial Expertise Center, Cahul "When I was hired, I did all examinations using the thin layer technique. It was much harder, much more scrupulous, and dirtier. With the device, we're just preparing the samples, and that
made my work easier.”

BETA 14 experts are working at the Cahul Subdivision of the Forensic and Judicial Expertise Center, including six women and eight men.

SNC RU Iordan Kiurkciu, head of the Cahul Subdivision of the Forensic and Judicial Expertise Center of General Police Inspectorate

"It is hard to train judicial experts, even a half a year is not enough. Candidates learn all that is needed and prepare the files and pass the exam at the Ministry of Justice, and if they succeed, they qualify for an area of expertise. This job requires experience, knowledge and
understanding of stages of the expertise. It is quite complicated.”

BETA All subdivisions of the Forensic and Judicial Expertise Center benefited from the assistance of the development partners, since their creation in 2013.

The U.S. Department of State, through UNDP, has provided the Police with 15 mobile laboratories equipped with different forensic kits and tools to conduct crime scene investigations. One of them was offered to Cahul sub-division.

SNC Igor Ciolcovan, judicial expert, Forensic and Judicial Expertise Center, Cahul "The forensic kits practically cost like a vehicle. First of all, this lab is convenient, I know what and where is located at any time. We are happy with the tools. Everything is practical."

BETA In February 2018, the Forensic and Judicial Expertise Center of GPI was accredited in accordance with the standard ISO 17025 in six areas of expertise.

CARTON: ballistics, traceology, fingerprints, handwriting, forensic document examination and digital forensics.

SNC Nicolae Bodrug, Head of Forensic and Judicial Expertise Center of General Police Inspectorate
"The quality certificate we got means that the expertise carried out by the Center's employees is recognized at European level. We have changed the mentality of our employees, whereby it is not the number of expertise that counts, but their quality."

Alexandru Molcean, Program Manager, Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Section, U.S. Embassy in Moldova.
"Certification according to international standards assumes that they correspond to certain conditions, meaning that a foreign criminal investigation officer will not question that evidence or report made by a Moldovan expert because he knows that this method has been certified. They use the same procedure manuals, the same methods, and the quality of the final product is not worse than the same expertise done in Romania, France or the USA.”

BETA Since 2011, the U.S. State Department has invested USD 2,500,000 in developing capacities to conduct forensic investigations in Moldova.

To keep pace with time, the Forensic and Judicial Expertise Center has been provided with equipment for cloning and extraction of data from mobile devices.

SNC Dumitru Munteanu, judicial expert, Forensic and Judicial Expertise Center, Chisinau

"Without this equipment, it would not be possible to extract data from mobile devices. Thanks to extractions, we bring a major piece of evidence to the case file, because the devices keep a lot of information, such as personal data, call list, messages, photos."

BETA The Forensic Bomb Squad of the Chisinau Subdivision has vehicles retrofitted with the support of the U.S. Government.

AMBIANCE: Mihail Boldurat, judicial expert, Forensic and Judicial Expertise Center, Chisinau

"We, thanks to this vehicle, are deploying to an emergency site in the event of a bomb alert. We have a trailer with a specialized container inside destined to carry explosive cargo and devices."

BETA The Moldovan ballistic laboratory was created in 2011. In the ballistic and traceology section, firearms are examined to be identified and to determine whether they have been used to commit certain crimes.

SNC Mihail Dulgheru, judicial expert, Forensic and Judicial Expertise Center, Chisinau
"Generally speaking, forensic expertise is a scientific activity, we call them micro treatises. An expert examines only objects. Due to the subjective part, however, there is an inner satisfaction that the expert who worked has contributed to delivery of justice."

BETA Annually, about 10,000 forensic examinations and investigations are conducted, contributing to the delivery of justice.

LOGO GPI, U.S. Government, UNDP
This video was produced with the support of the U.S. State Department, through UNDP project "Support for Police Reform in the Republic of Moldova".