Moldova presents first ever auto fuel economy baseline and trends, and sets course for electric vehicles
The Republic of Moldova’s Carbon Finance Unit, together with the Ministry of Agriculture, Regional Development and Environment, have released the first results of an in-depth study of the country’s vehicle imports spanning 2005 – 2017.
With support from the Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI) and UN Environment, Moldova has systematically gathered and analyzed data on over 200,000 imported cars, to form the first-ever picture of the country’s light duty vehicle energy efficiency trajectory and to develop scenarios for future policy and fiscal incentives.
At the 10th July 2018 GFEI launch event in Chisinau, member of Parliament Mr. Vladimir Cernat underlined the outcomes of the study as Moldova prepares to strengthen its incentives for electric vehicles (EV) with an additional exemption from circulation/road tax for EVs from 2018. EVs (including motorcycles) are already exempt from registration tax since 2017, with taxation for hybrids at 50 per cent that of conventional vehicles.
Moldova imports vehicles from Germany, Poland, Czech Republic, Romania and Russia. There is currently a registration tax differentiation between new and used cars, but there is no circulation tax differentiation.
Preliminary findings from Moldova’s auto fuel economy baseline include:
- Average auto fuel economy improved from 8.3 Lge/100 km in 2005 to 6.0 Lge/100 km in 2017, an increase of almost 28 per cent. Moldova’s yearon-year rate of improvement is around 2 per cent, close to the 2.4 per cent annual improvement needed to reach the GFEI goal of doubling the world’s fleet fuel economy by 2050
- Hybrid electric vehicle purchases have shot up from almost zero in 2011 to 2,900 registered in 2017 with new 50 per cent excise exemption
- A preference for small/medium cars (1000 1500 cc) as percentage of total imports
- Predominance of used vehicles (about 80 per cent) in new vehicle registrations; the majority of vehicles imported are between 510 years of age
- A marked trend toward dieselization, as of 2017 2/3 of liquid fuel imports are diesel, and diesel vehicle imports grew from 25% of (new and used) imports in 2005 to 58 per cent in 2017