Environment, climate change and disaster risk management

 Photo: UNDP

Goals

  • Improved environmental management in increased compliance with international and regional standards
  • Strengthened national policies and capacities enable climate and disaster resilient, low-emission economic development and sustainable consumption

Progress towards Results

Results updated to 2015, as included in the 2015 Progress Report of the UN-Moldova Partnership Framework 2013-2017

The United Nations supported the development of the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan, which provides for sustainable biodiversity management in line with Moldova’s international commitments.

Previous ecosystem-based adaptation activities were complemented in 2015 by efforts to mainstream biodiversity into local planning.

The United Nations has worked to restore pasture lands and support the development of pasture management plans, with the aim of reducing the pressure currently placed on forest habitats. Ecosystem-based adaptation solutions were piloted in 12 communities of Moldova, covering 470 ha of the Orhei National Park. These interventions are improving the livelihoods of 50,000 families in rural areas of Moldova. Continued support was provided to the Environmental Fiscal Reform, which resulted in policy proposals and recommendations for greening subsidies in the environmental, energy and agriculture sectors.

The United Nations supported the Moldovan HydroMeteo Institute’s membership of the European MeteoAlarm, enhancing its capacity so that it conforms to the European MeteoAlarm standard. This enables real-time information processing and impact-oriented warnings, rather than the issuing of data warnings for civil protection.

The United Nations supported the elaboration and revision of the Action Plan for the implementation of the National Strategy on Agriculture and Rural Development (2014–2020).

The United Nations supported the growth of a new biomass industry, thanks to subsidy mechanisms for 300 biomass heating applications, provided in partnership with the Agency for Energy Efficiency, and thanks to the establishment of public–private partnerships for equipment maintenance in seven districts. Efforts to raise awareness of renewable energy were extended to the Transnistrian region.

The United Nations continued to support an enabling environment for low-emission, climate-resilient development. Stronger national capacities were created for mainstreaming gender-sensitive adaptation into sectoral strategies and for developing Moldova's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution – prior to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of Parties held in Paris in December 2015. In this context, Moldova committed to do its part in order to keep global warming below 2°C, by reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 64–67 per cent, compared to the 1990 level, by 2030.

A key success in 2015 was the development of the Climate Change Strategy and the National Health Adaptation Action Plan, which aim to minimize the adverse health risks of climate change.

The United Nations continued to support the disposal of obsolete pesticides from the existing deposits in the country. In 2015 about 400 tons of obsolete pesticides from a deposit located in Pascani village were collected and packed, to be further transported and destroyed abroad.