Environmental Sustainability and Resilience
Strategic objective by 2022
- The people of Moldova, in particular the most vulnerable, benefit from enhanced environmental governance, energy security, sustainable management of natural resources, and climate and disaster resilient development.
During the implementation of the new UN Partnership Framework for Sustainable Development 2018-2022, The UN in Moldova will be building on the results achieved in the past years.
To respond to challenges in the area of environment, energy security and climate change, and to accelerate the implementation of Moldova’s national strategies, the UN will focus on:
• Policy advice and implementation support in the area of environmental protection, energy efficiency, climate change and disaster risk reduction.
• Energy security: Provision of support to the Government in undertaking innovative steps to create an enabling environment for optimizing and streamlining the energy sector to increase energy security.
• Capacity-building: Strengthening of the national capacity to develop and implement policies for sustainable housing and urban development. Increase the capacities of rural communities and local authorities in implementing efficient and inclusive development measures that provide economic and social opportunities for people living in rural areas.
• Nistru river basin: Supporting transboundary cooperation and integrated water resources management in the Nistru river basin.
• Public infrastructure: Provision of assistance for the modernization of infrastructure aimed at environment protection, climate risk mitigation and low emissions, including through public–private partnerships.
• Disaster Risk Management: Advocacy for a sound cooperation and definition of clear responsibilities in DRM and setting-up of a cross-sectoral, multi-stakeholder coordination mechanis for efficient planned adaptation.
• Quality control for the national GHG inventory process and support for planning and implementation of mitigation and adaptation measures: Development of partnerships between United Nations and other stakeholders to ensure access to public and private climate financing mechanisms, to reduce GHG emissions through improved energy efficiency in residential buildings and industry, low emission mode of operation of transport and waste management, to help vulnerable sectors of the economy and communities adapt to climate change in ensuring food security, to tackle water scarcity and increase ecosystem resilience.
• Integrated approach to local development: Assistance for the development of an enabling local environment that is conducive to better and more accessible services, social cohesion and livelihood opportunities; provision of support to central and local authorities in meaningfully engaging with all community groups, including the most vulnerable, and empowering them to become co-participants in and contributors to local development.
• Biodiversity: Support for biodiversity conservation and combating desertification; improvement of integrated planning and implementation of management plans for protected areas to ensure ecosystem integrity and protection, combined with the creation of sustainable opportunities for income-generation.
• Waste and chemical management: Embedding of human health considerations in United Nations’ targeted interventions in waste and chemical management; use of piloted ecosystem-based approaches in integrated water basin management plans, focusing on both ecosystem restoration and regulatory improvements.
• Radioactive waste management, decommissioning and remediation of contaminated sites: Building operational and institutional capacity in decommissioning, remediation and radioactive waste management processes.
• Environmental assessment and monitoring: Supporting the Republic of Moldova to fulfil international monitoring and reporting commitments to MEA.