Democratic governance, justice, equality and human rights

 Photo: UN Women

Goals

  • Increased transparency, accountability and efficiency of central and local public authorities
  • Justice sector actors are better able to promote access to justice and uphold rule of law in compliance with international commitments
  • State bodies and other actors effectively promote and protect human rights, gender equality and non-discrimination, with particular attention to the marginalized and the vulnerable
  • Civil society and media better monitor and promote human rights, equality, democratic governance, and rule of law

 

Progress towards Results

Results updated to 2015, as included in the 2015 Progress Report of the UN-Moldova Partnership Framework 2013-2017  

In 2015, the United Nations continued to strengthen electoral capacities. Over 20,000 election officers and representatives from political parties received gender mainstreaming training, in preparation for the June local elections. A voter education campaign focused on the participation of women, ethnic minorities and persons with disabilities. For the first time the electoral information system produced gender-disaggregated data on active voters, candidates and elected officials.

United Nations support resulted in a 13 per cent increase in the number of women elected as local councillors, and a 7 per cent increase in the number of women mayors. For the first time ever in Moldova, two Roma women won seats in local councils.

The decentralization process, albeit with many challenges, moved forward with United Nations support. After a pilot in 74 localities, the new fiscal decentralization system was introduced in 2015, opening the way for local public authorities to achieve larger budget autonomy and stronger accountability. Additionally, a performance-based budgeting system was rolled out to all 898 local governments for the 2016 budget.

The Parliament’s awareness of its anti-corruption role was strengthened, and resulted in a Parliament Corruption Self-Assessment, followed by a related Action Plan.

The United Nations supported the generation and use of data, including by helping develop the National Strategy for Strengthening Statistics, and by continuing to advocate for the processing of the 2014 census data.

With United Nations support, for the first time a Women Caucus was established in the Parliament, and benefited from the active participation of all political factions. The first Parliament Gender Audit was conducted, and was followed up with a Gender Equality Action Plan.

A new People’s Advocate (ombudsperson) was appointed in April 2015, and the United Nations supported the internal reorganization and development of the institution in line with the Paris Principles. The United Nations also provided support to Moldova’s Equality Council, which resulted in a higher number of decisions addressing discrimination and inequality. The United Nations continued to advocate for broader acceptance of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) community.

The Paris Principles are a set of international standards which frame and guide the work of national human rights institutions (NHRIs), adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1993. They define the role, composition, status and functions of national human rights institutions.

With United Nations support, the Moldovan Government registered some progress in deinstitutionalizing persons with mental disabilities. Positive legal decisions on the restoration of legal capacity for persons with mental disabilities were adopted in 2015. One of the results of these efforts was a Supreme Court judgment affirming the right to access support in decision-making for persons with disabilities, in line with article 12 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

The United Nations enhanced the capacities of the Moldovan Government and civil society to respond more effectively to trafficking in persons and related serious crimes – including exploitation and abuse through the internet.

As geopolitical interests in the region clashed dramatically during the year, the United Nations’ impartiality and unique mandate helped support confidence-building across the Nistru river. Partnering with civil society and the business community, in 2015 the United Nations reached more than 20,000 persons from both sides of the Nistru river (over 60 per cent of whom were women) with projects supporting entrepreneurship, business development, local development, health care, media, culture and people with disabilities.

A Child Rights Toolkit on integrating child rights into development cooperation was launched, in cooperation with the EU. The gross enrolment rate of children with disabilities and children from Roma communities in regular schools increased, with a corresponding decrease in enrolment in specialized and/or segregated schools, resulting in better social inclusion and better access to continuous quality education for groups which have traditionally been marginalized. In particular, the rate of children with special educational needs and children with disabilities in regular schools increased by 35 per cent compared to 2014. Psycho-paedagogical assistance services at central and district level ensured better assessment of, and support to, the integration of marginalized, segregated and de-institutionalized children in regular schools.

Legislative and normative framework amendments were supported by the collection of evidence and data on guardianship, adoption and social work.

The juvenile justice system further improved, with a significant decrease in the number of children convicted and sentenced to prison. A number of key legislative amendments and revisions to the Penal Procedure Code established child-sensitive criminal interviewing techniques as compulsory when dealing with children under 14 years of age. A new set of juvenile justice indicators was approved by the Government, based on global standards. Improved media coverage of sensitive child-related issues during 2015 indicated that Moldovan journalists’ level of awareness and commitment to respecting ethical standards had increased.