Joint Action to Strengthen Human Rights in the Transnistrian Region of the Republic of Moldova (Phase 2)

Project Summary:

The project is grounded in the United Nations human rights-based norms and standards and pursues strengthening of the effective exercise of human rights by people residing in the Transnistrian region through fostering improvement of institutional frameworks in the area of disability, gender based violence and HIV, PWIDs and people in prisons.

Objectives:

  • An increased number of persons with disabilities (PwDs), enjoying full range of community-based services, the exercise of their rights on an equal basis with others, as per the UN human rights standards;
  • Enhanced protection to (potential) victims of domestic violence (DV) and empowerment of individuals to prevent and address the problem in the region;
  • Scaled up access to quality and integrated prevention, treatment and care services for people living with HIV, TB and people who inject drugs in the civilian and prison sectors of the region.

Expected Results:

Component 1: Non-discrimination and social inclusion of children and adult persons with disabilities:

  • De facto authorities of central and local level, ombudsperson's office, other specialized de facto authorities and institutions trained and capacitated on international standards with regard to rights of persons with disabilities (at least 100 relevant responsible officers);
  • Organizations of women and men with disabilities empowered to take action in protection and advancement of non-discrimination and their fundamental human rights as per the international standards, in particular through establishment of the regional Alliance of Persons with Disabilities with established close collaboration ties with the similar organizations and alliance form the rights bank of the Nistru-river;
  • De facto normative framework reviewed and adjusted – to the furthest extent possible – in line with the international standards with regard to rights of persons with disabilities (as amendments to de facto laws, regulations and/or as executive order, operational guides, etc);
  • At least 50 women and men, as well as children with disabilities from the pilot 1-2 communities have access to a range of inclusive CRPD-compliant community services developed and piloted to provide a successful model to be multiplied and scaled-up at the next stages;
  • Raised awareness among broader range of opinion and decision-makers (de facto MPs, local authorities, media, etc) and wider society about the rights-based concept of disability – with at least 100,000 persons covered by awareness-raising activities.

Component 2 Enhancing gender equality and combating violence against women:

  • One functional social reintegration service/centre and two non-residential services providing assistance to victims of DV and HT in the Transnistrian region;
  • At least 15 trained staff members providing social services;
  • At least 3 trainings, aimed to strengthen capacities of key stakeholders (both, governmental and nongovernmental entities, from both banks), to protect and assist various socially marginalized groups provided;
  • Continuing emergency assistance and economic reintegration for women, victims of domestic violence and/or human trafficking, through receiving opportunities for training and employment/self-employment, during the 2016-2017;
  • The following results will be achieved through the social services activities:

- 80 victims of DV and HT are supported and rehabilitated, out of which:

- 60 are mother-child couples;

- 20 women are professionally trained

- 40 women are employed.

Component 3: Improving prevention, treatment and care services for PLHIV, PWIDs and people in prisons:

  • 2 HIV policy documents gender and HR sensitive and mainstreamed (year working plan for HIV in Moldova and 1 in Eastern region);
  • 3 assessment reports – Gender, Stigma index and of comprehensive package of services in prisons inform the policy making process to mainstream gender and HR;
  • Testing algorithms (1 document)  + referral mechanism (1 document);
  • Environment secured through safe innovative waste management equipment provided to prisons and communitarian services of 100% medical waste produced by harm reduction projects by 2017;
  • Stigma and Discrimination decreased in health institutions;
  • 20 high level decision makers from prison sector support the implementation of comprehensive package of quality integrated care for HIV and PWIDs;
  • At least 10 high level decision makers from Law enforcement from Eastern region support harm reduction and have the capacities to ensure personal security and safety at the workplace;
  • 2000 inmates enjoy better access to HIV comprehensive services in prisons;
  • 60 health specialists (epidemiologists, lab staff, drug dependency, doctors, communicable diseases specialists, staff from civil society) gained skills to provide qualitative and friendly services to their beneficiaries;
  • 4 OST sites are piloted and extended in TN (2 units) and Moldova (3 units);
  • 50 PWIDs from both banks are enrolled in the OST treatment;
  • Public awareness on drug dependency, prevention of HIV stigma and discrimination in health care settings raised and cover about 5000 persons from key populations and 200 health staff;
  • 200 beneficiaries referred to Harm Reduction programs through law enforcement authorities by the beginning of 2018.

Component 4 (cross-cutting): Platform for Human Rights - Coordination and Monitoring:

  • At the least 20 members (institutions and organizations from both banks of the river) of the Cross-River Human Rights Platform, meeting at least on a quarterly basis, and ensuring general coordination of project (and Th. Hammarberg’s recommendations-related) activities;
  • Quarterly meetings of development partners working on human rights in Transnistria ensuring general coordination of interventions in the region.

Accomplishments:

1. People with disabilities (OHCHR):

  • Over 316 women and men (incl. 141 PwDs and 62 duty bearers) have an increased awareness on human rights standards and sustainable development after trainings organized;
  • The cross-river Platform for Sustainable Community Development served as a cooperation framework during seven meetings organized, a good result being the partnership agreement signed by 22 NGOs and initiative groups (16-from the left bank);
  • Assessment of the existing social services for the PwDs in the Transnistrian region has been conducted;
  • Assessment of the existing regulatory framework relevant to the situation of PwDs in the Transnistrian region has been conducted;
  • Implementation of the initiatives for the creation of community-based services for PwDs started in 4 localities in May 2018;
  • 3 donor coordination meetings on HR have been organized;
  • The visit of Thomas Hammarberg to TN region during 28 May – 1st June 2018 was organized, resulting in an assessment of the progress in Human Rights issues in the region, to be reflected in a report to follow.

2. Domestic violence (UNDP):

A new service for referring and assisting victims of Domestic Violence established, consisting of the following:

  • The functional temporary shelter for DV victims providing support services, both outpatient and in residential regime (it can concomitantly host at least five victims with their children). A permanent Shelter is being established with EU and Swedish financing;
  • Two regional hubs in Slobozia and Grigoriopol providing referral services and direct assistance to victims, reaching remote areas, informing the population and authorities, etc;
  • Cumulative number of beneficiaries for both, the shelter and hubs include:  1270 people (1088 women, 143 children and 39 perpetrators) have received one or more services: psychological counselling; legal support. 209 women are socially integrated, after the intervention of specialists of created services

3. Improving prevention, treatment and care services for PLHIV, PWIDs and people in prisons (UNAIDS/ UNODC)

Normative and policy changes-related results:

  • A road map on sustainable development of HIV response in Transnistrian region by 2020 has been developed involving other 30 stakeholders;
  • An assessment of about 50 policy documents from Transnistrian region realized to understand how HIV policies are aligned to international human rights standards;
  • First ever assessment of HIV and TB services on the left bank in prisons was conducted, the final report includes 13 recommendations;
  • First-ever joint document between local police on the left bank, and the civil society organizations was signed on December 1st, 2017 (WAD – World Aids Day). A Memorandum of collaboration was signed with 6 Non-Governmental organizations providing services in this field;
  • Up to 82% of participants to an opinion pool are in favor of alternatives to punishment, following a national raising awareness campaign on alternatives to punishment for people who use drugs organized under the leadership of UNDOC;
  • Stigma Index research conducted, indicating that discriminatory treatments are faced quite often by the PLHIV;
  • In the period December 2016 – December 2017, four substantive awareness campaigns were conducted on both banks of the Nistru River which covered more than 60000 women and men in about 35 rayons, involving around 14 NGOs and 6 line ministries.

Capacity building activities for medical and civil society representatives, de-facto Law enforcement authorities, drug dependency specialists educational and psychological staff, as well as exposure to best practice of communitarian approach in Austria, allowed to sensitize the de-facto authorities about Harm Reduction and referral services. As an outstanding result, in May 2018, 11 people who use drugs were referred by police to Harm Reduction services provided by the NGO in Ribnita.

Budget:

Year

Budget

UNDP

OHCHR

UNAIDS

UNODC

2016

81,075 USD

37,310 USD

20,059 USD

31,000 USD

2017

184,833 USD

74,751 USD

83,573 USD

106,455 USD

2018

135,626 USD

292,709 USD

59,482 USD

109,545 USD